Nginx + Uwsgi - Emperor

11 May 2013

I upgraded my rackspace server to the new generation version and made some slight changes to the nginx and uwsgi setup. The websites now make use of a slightly different nginx and uWSGI configuration setup.

The main change is with the uWSGI files and I am making use of the Emperor configuration rather. This is the suggested method if one has a number of apps on a single server.

This change required me tweaking the nginx config file and setting up a uwsgi configuration file for the websites. I modified the main nginx config file by adding include /opt/nginx/conf/sites/*; to it so each of the websites separate nginx conf files would be read and implemented.

Then for each website the following config files would be setup;

nginx config

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name *;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/example-error.log;
    access_log /var/log/nginx/example-access.log;

    location / {
        include uwsgi_params;

This is a very simple example, the main part is the location section where I pass in the Port number that the uWSGI instance will be running on and the default include uwsgi_params.

uwsgi config

chdir = /opt/sites/example/
master = true
threads = 20
socket =
callable = app
module = uwsgi_app
logto = /var/log/uwsgi/example.log
virtualenv = /opt/sites/example/
processes = 4

I make use of the ini config style and each website will have one of these. The socket value needs to match up with the uwsgi_pass value used in the nginx config file.

I make use of virtualenv to manage/handle the website instances and so the virtualenv option is included.

module points to the wsgi file in the website and that file will depend on the framework (Django, Flask etc. in my instance) being used for the website.

callable value needs to match the param that the wsgi file is using to set the website instance to.

Then depending on the framework used for the web site their would be a wsgi file setup to instantiate the website.

Django wsgi file sample

import sys
import os

os.environ['DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE'] = 'settings'

import django.core.handlers.wsgi

app = django.core.handlers.wsgi.WSGIHandler()

Note the app param is what needs to match what the callable value is in the uWSGI config file.

Flask wsgi file sample

import sys
import os


from example import app

if __name__ == '__main__':